When a manuscript is submitted, it is assumed that no similar paper has been or will be submitted for publication elsewhere. Further, it is understood that all authors listed on a manuscript have agreed to its submission. Authors should provide the names and (e-mail) addresses of at least three possible referees.
Together with the manuscript, authors should submit a complete list of all
references/citations as they appear in the text, e.g.,
The above list should be followed by a sorted/alphabetized list, e.g.,
The alphabetized list should match the list of references in the manuscript. This is to facilitate copy editing and checking that the references cited in the text are found in the list of references and vice versa.
should be organized in the following manner:
Title page: Title, Authors' Names (first, MI, last) and Affiliations (use numerical superscripts), and the name and email address of the Corresponding Author
Abstract (not necessary for Letters to the Editor, or Reports of Meeting Proceedings)
Key Words (5-8 key topics in the manuscript including 1-2 on general field of science)
Text (length and organization depends on the type of article)
Conflicts of Interest (or indicate if there is none)
Contributions of Individual Authors
Tables (with descriptive titles and legends)
Figures and Figure Legends
All text including legends and references should be typed in Word.doc format, double-spaced, 12-point, and single-column throughout.
The Title (only the first word and proper names should be capitalized) should be informative and be no more than 120 characters in length. Acronyms and abbreviations should be avoided.
The Abstract should be a single paragraph not exceeding 500 words and devoid of any references or citations. It should give the importance and objectives of the study, the general methods used, the most important results obtained, the conclusions made and their significance.
The Text portion of Regular Research Articles and Short Communications should have: Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion (optional). The Materials & Methods section may be subdivided into several subsections with concise subheadings in boldface. Sufficient detail should be provided so that findings may be replicated. The Results and Discussion sections can have subsections. The organization of the Text in a Review article, Letter to the Editor, or Report of Meeting Proceedings is at the discretion of the author(s).
A Hypothesis is a theoretical attempt to explain a phenomenon or an experimental observation. The Text portion of a Hypotheses article should provide a brief introduction to the phenomenon or observation, describe a plausible explanation supported by known facts or preliminary data, and end with a suggestion as to how the hypothesis could be tested.
The Acknowledgements section should include all sources of financial support.
Conflicts of Interest: The authors must disclose any financial, personal, or professional relationship with other individuals or organizations that could be construed as conflict of interest.
Contributions of Individual Authors: The authors must indicate in general terms the contribution or role of each author in the study.
The following rules should be observed when citing a reference in the text:
-one author (Santos 2006)
-two authors (Monje and Hedreyda 2007)
-three or more authors (Saloma et al. 2008)
The Reference list should be ordered alphabetically. Include the names of all the authors of each reference.
[Author's last name] [Author's initials], [All other author's last names followed by their initials]. [Title of article with only the first word capitalized]. [Journal's standard abbreviated name] [Year]; [Volume (number)]:[Inclusive pages].
David MP, Asprer JJ, Ibana JS, Concepcion GP, Padlan EA. A study of the structural correlates of affinity maturation: antibody affinity as a function of chemical interactions, structural plasticity and stability. Mol Immunol 2007; 44:1342-1351.
[Author's last name] [Author's initials], [Other authors' last names followed by initials]. [Chapter title]. In: [Editor's last name] [Editor's initials], ed(s). [Book Title]. [Number of edition]. [City]:[Publisher], [Year]:[Inclusive pages].
Olivera BM. ω-Conotoxin MVIIA: from marine snail venom to analgesic drug. In: Fusetani N, ed. Drugs from the Sea. Basel: Karger, 2000:74-85.
Observations or Personal Communications:
Do NOT include such citations in the Reference list. Place them instead in parentheses in the body of the article where it logically belongs, following the format below. Make sure to include all initials and, for personal communications, obtain a signed letter of permission from the person(s) cited.
(LJ Cruz, personal communication)
(GP Concepcion, unpublished observations)
Tables and Figures should be placed at the end of the manuscript and should be "camera-ready" and of high quality. Each table should have an informative title placed at the top. Abbreviations, footnotes, and other details should be placed below the table. Each figure should have an informative caption placed below the figure. Related figures should be combined and labeled as A, B, C, etc.; captions should be Figure 1: A: .., B: .., C: .., etc.